Civil engineering is a professional engineering discipline that deals with the design, construction, and maintenance of the physical and naturally built environment, including works such as roads, bridges, canals, dams, airports, sewerage systems, pipelines, and railways. Civil engineering is traditionally broken into a number of sub-disciplines. It is considered the second-oldest engineering discipline after military engineering, and it is defined to distinguish non-military engineering from military engineering. Civil engineering takes place in the public sector from municipal through to national governments, and in the private sector from individual homeowners through to international companies.
There are a number of sub-disciplines within the broad field of civil engineering. General civil engineers work closely with surveyors and specialized civil engineers to design grading, drainage, pavement, water supply, sewer service, dams, electric and communications supply. General civil engineering is also referred to as site engineering, a branch of civil engineering that primarily focuses on converting a tract of land from one usage to another. Site engineers spend time visiting project sites, meeting with stakeholders, and preparing construction plans. Civil engineers apply the principles of geotechnical engineering, structural engineering, environmental engineering, transportation engineering and construction engineering to residential, commercial, industrial and public works projects of all sizes and levels of construction.
Civil engineering majors are developing rapidly in China, more and more international students choosing to study this major in China. Through systematic and comprehensive study, most international students can master the knowledge of the civil engineering syllabus. Most importantly, it is easy for international students to enter the civil engineering top university in China. The data shows that international students who stay in China, or those return to their country both have good jobs.
What Can I do with a Civil Engineering Degree?
1. Civil Engineer
Civil engineers require a bachelor degree in civil engineering. Courses include traditional classroom learning,laboratory work and field trips. Civil engineering courses also include mathematics, statistics, engineering mechanics and systems, and fluid dynamics courses, depending on the profession. Courses may include collaborative programs, also known as collaborative projects, where civil engineering students gain work experience while pursuing a degree.
With the phase-out of infrastructure in various countries, civil engineers will need to manage reconstruction, repair and upgrade of bridges, roads, dams, dams, airports, buildings and other structural projects.
Renewable energy projects will require the work of civil engineers. Therefore, as these new projects are approved, civil engineers will be further involved in supervising the construction of structures such as wind farms and solar arrays.
Population growth may mean the need for new water systems and the need to maintain existing water systems in order to reduce or eliminate leakage. In addition, more waste treatment plants are needed to help clean the country's waterways. Civil engineers will continue to play a key role in all of this work.
Local governments need to continue to build some infrastructure projects and maintain critical infrastructure,as well as protect the public and the environment.
The employment rate of civil engineers is expected to increase in the next decade, which is higher than the average of all occupations.
Civil engineering students can be an architect. Architects are responsible for designing places to live, work, play, study, shop and eat. They work on public or private projects and design indoor and outdoor spaces. Architects can be commissioned to design any facility from a single room to the entire complex.
The architect discusses the project's goals, requirements and budget with the client. In some cases, architects offer a variety of pre-design services such as feasibility and environmental impact, site selection, cost analysis and design requirements.
The architect develops the final construction plan after discussing with the client and agreeing with the initial recommendations. The architect's plan shows the exterior and architectural details of the building. These plans include drawings of structural systems,air conditioning, heating, ventilation systems, electrical systems, communication systems and piping. Sometimes landscape plans are included.
3. Civil Engineering Technicians
Civil engineering technicians often work with civil engineers, surveyors and survey technicians, construction workers, and other people involved in the project.
But civil engineering technicians don't necessarily work outdoors. Civil engineering technicians can work in the office to help civil engineers plan and design projects. Civil engineering technicians also visit the workplace under construction, collecting or testing materials or observing projects and serving as project inspectors.
When civil engineering technicians visit a construction site where a construction project is being carried out, they can test the materials, assist with measurements or conduct on-site observations to ensure that the design civil engineers approved is being built. Civil engineering technicians can work in multiple locations using a car or truck as a mobile office.
4. Construction Managers
The construction manager oversees professional contractors and other personnel. They arrange and coordinate all construction processes so that the project meets the design specifications. They ensure that the project is completed on time and within budget. Some construction managers may be responsible for several projects at the same time - for example, building multiple apartment buildings.
The construction manager works with other construction experts such as architects, civil engineers and various trade workers, including stonemasons, electricians and carpenters. Projects may require specialists, from structural steel and painting to landscaping, paving and digging. According to the project, the construction manager can interact with lawyers and local government officials. For example, when working on urban real estate or municipal buildings, the construction manager sometimes consults with city inspectors to ensure that all regulations are met.
5. Mechanical Engineers
Mechanical engineers can work in many industries and many types of projects. Therefore, a person with a degree in civil engineering can choose this occupation. Mechanical engineers are constantly engaged in the latest industrial research, especially in the fields of automation and robotics. Mechanical engineers design production projects to take advantage of the development of nanotechnology, which involves manipulating substances at the smallest level. Nanotechnology will lead to technological advances in the medical field and in the field of more powerful computer chip design. Alternative energy and nanotechnology areas will also provide new opportunities for career development.
As the company continues to contract with these companies, it is expected that the engineering services of mechanical engineers will grow at a higher than average rate. Mechanical engineers will also continue to participate in a variety of manufacturing industries, particularly in the automotive industry. Mechanical engineers will play a key role in improving the mileage and performance of hybrid and electric vehicles.
Common skills gained from this degree
- Technical training
- Mathematical skills
- Communication skills
- Leadership skills
- Organizational skills