Neurology is an independent second-level discipline that does not belong to the concept of internal medicine. The nervous system consists of the brain, spinal cord and peripheral nerves. Neurology is a clinical medicine for studying neurological diseases and skeletal muscle diseases, mainly through internal medicine. The diseases include spinal cord, cerebrovascular disease, central nervous system infection, demyelinating disease, dyskinesia, epilepsy, headache, degenerative diseases, and nervous system hereditary diseases.
The main methods of neurology include head and neck MRI, CT, ECT, PETCT, EEG, TCD (transcranial Doppler ultrasound) EMG, evoked potentials and hemorheology.
Some neurological diseases tend to be treated by internal medicine, which is mainly based on the treatment of the gods, and some involve extra-invasive interventions for comprehensive treatment.
Neurological diseases (one case)
Introduction to nerve paralysis - facial paralysis:
Facial nerve paralysis, commonly known as "facial paralysis", is a common disease characterized by motor dysfunction of facial expression muscles.
1. The cause of the disease
(1) Infectious lesions (about 42.5%): Infectious lesions are mostly caused by the activation of herpes zoster (VZV), which is latent in the dormant state of the facial nerve sensory ganglia;
(2) otogenic diseases;
(3) idiopathic (often called Bell paralysis);
2. Classification introduction
(1) Central type
When the tissue on the nucleus (including cortex, cortical brain stem fiber, internal capsule, pons, etc.) is damaged, the muscle paralysis in the lower part of the facial surface appears.
From the top to the bottom, the nasolabial fold becomes shallow, and the mouth angle is dropping when the tooth is exposed, and the whistle and the drumstick cannot be whipped. More common in cerebrovascular disease, brain tumors and encephalitis.
(2) Peripheral type
When the facial nucleus or facial nerve is damaged, the facial hemorrhoids appear on the same side of the lesion. From top to bottom, it can not be wrinkled, frown, closed eyes, corneal reflex disappears, nasolabial fold becomes shallow, can not show teeth, drumsticks, Whistling, the dropping of the mouth.
3. Clinical manifestations
Most patients often wash their faces in the morning and sip their mouths and suddenly find that one side of the cheeks is not working properly and the mouth is skewed.
4. Preventive measures
Eat more fresh vegetables, coarse grains, soy products, jujube, lean meat and so on.
Usually face patients need to reduce light source stimulation, such as computers, television, ultraviolet light and so on.
Need to do more functional exercise, such as raise the eyebrows, air, eyes closed, open mouth and so on.
Need to adhere to acupressure every day.
5. Treatment measures
(1) Psychological factors
The survey shows that before the occurrence of facial nerve palsy, a considerable number of patients have physical fatigue, lack of sleep, mental stress and physical discomfort.
(2) Good mood
The best way to prevent facial paralysis is to pay attention to maintaining a good mood, ensuring adequate sleep, and proper physical exercise to enhance the body's immunity.
Histology and Embryology
Common skills gained from this degree
- Basic theory and basic knowledge of clinical medicine
- Clinical skills for the diagnosis and treatment of common disease names
- ave the initial ability to deal with urgency
- and serious illness
- Have certain scientific research and practical work ability