Hematology is the science or research of blood, blood-forming organs and blood diseases, and is a branch of medicine on the causes, prognosis, treatment and prevention of blood-related diseases.
In the medical field, hematology includes the treatment of hematological and malignant tumors, including hemophilia, leukemia, lymphoma and sickle cell anemia. Hematology is a branch of internal medicine that deals with the physiology, pathology, etiology, diagnosis, treatment, prognosis and prevention of blood-related diseases. Laboratory work in blood research is usually performed by medical technicians or laboratory scientists. Many hematologists are made up of hematologists-oncologists also provide medical services for all types of cancer. Hematologists focus on lymphoid organs and bone marrow and may diagnose irregular blood cell counts or platelet irregularities. Hematologists treat organs supplied by blood cells, including lymph nodes, spleen, thymus, and lymphoid tissues.
What is the blood?
Blood is a body fluid that circulates through the blood vessels. If the liquid contains proteins, coagulation factors, antibodies, etc., 55% are cellular components: white blood cells are used for our immunity, red blood cells are used to transport oxygen, and platelets are used to induce blood clotting. It performs all necessary functions such as supplying oxygen to tissues, providing nutrients, amino acids and fatty acids. The blood can remove waste such as carbon dioxide, urea and lactic acid.
The blood consists of several parts, including red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets and plasma. Red blood cells account for 45% of whole blood and transport oxygen from the lungs to body tissues. They also bring carbon dioxide back to the lungs for exhalation. They are disc-shaped and are produced in the bone marrow. White blood cells are also made in the bone marrow and help fight infections. Together with platelets, they account for less than 1% of whole blood. Platelets are small, colorless pieces that stick together and interact with coagulation proteins to prevent or prevent bleeding. They are also produced in the bone marrow. Plasma is the fluid part of the blood. Consisting of 92% water, it also contains important proteins, mineral salts, sugars, fats, hormones and vitamins.
The Hematology Analyzer is a specialized automated system that calculates white blood cells, red blood cells and platelets in the blood, as well as hemoglobin and hematocrit levels. Hematology technology has come a long way in a relatively short period of time. In the 1950s, complete blood count (CBC) was done manually by a technician before the microscope. Hemoglobin is also manually measured using the cyanmethemoglobin method, which is slow and time-consuming. Modern analyzers can process hundreds of samples per hour. Advances in modular construction and automation mean that systems can be built to fit a wide range of analyzers, slide manufacturers/dyeing machines and filing facilities.
Hematologists work with experts from a variety of medical and surgical specialties, and hematology is often associated with oncology. Hematologists and oncologists work together to care for adults and children with blood and bone marrow cancer, including leukemias and lymphomas.
Common skills gained from this degree
- Hematology knowledge
- Theory combined with the reality
- Analytical problem ability
- Understand the principle of experimentation