Otolaryngology or ENT is a medical specialty that focuses on the ears, nose, and throat. Otolaryngology specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of a wide range of ear, nose, throat, head and neck problems. It is also called otolaryngology head and neck surgery. Some common examples are chronic ear infections, tonsillitis, sinus problems and sleep apnea. However, otolaryngology treatments also include hearing loss, various cancers of the head and neck, sound problems and reconstructive surgery to repair injuries or deformities.
There are many otolaryngology courses, including otology, nose, laryngology, head and neck, facial plastic surgery and reconstructive surgery.
It is also known as otolaryngology head and neck surgery because the experts have been trained in medicine and surgery. Otolaryngologists are ENT doctors and surgeons who specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of these diseases. Most students with an otolaryngology degree can work as an otolaryngologist.
Otolaryngologists are qualified to perform many types of surgery on the delicate and complex tissues of the head and neck, different from many doctors. Otolaryngologists do not need to refer patients to other doctors when they need ear, nose, throat or head and neck surgery, so they can provide the most appropriate care for each patient. An otolaryngologist is the most appropriate doctor for the treatment of head and neck ears, nose, throat and related structural diseases. They can work in otolaryngology associates.
WHAT CAN AN OTOLARYNGOLOGIST DO?
Otolaryngologists diagnose and manage diseases of the ear, nose, sinus, throat, mouth and throat, and neck and facial structures.
The unique area of otolaryngologists is the treatment of ear diseases. They have received training in hearing and ear infections, balance disorders, tinnitus and medical and surgical treatment of some cranial nerve disorders. The otolaryngologist also manages the congenital disease of the outer and inner ear.
Nasal, mainly related to sinus disease. Nursing of the nose and sinuses is one of the main skills of the otolaryngologist. Problems in the nasal area include allergies, olfactory disturbances, polyps and nasal congestion caused by nasal septum deviation.
Throat science, focusing on hoarseness and vocal cord problems. Communication like speaking and singing and eating are all involved in this important area.
The head and neck include important functions of sight, smell, hearing, and facial appearance. In the head and neck, otolaryngologists have been trained in the treatment of infections, benign and malignant tumors, facial trauma and facial deformities. They perform cosmetic surgery and reconstruction surgery.
The otolaryngologist has at least a master's degree in otolaryngology. The subspecialties they can engage in are allergies, facial plastic surgery and reconstructive surgery, head and neck, throat, otology/neurology including ear, balance, and tinnitus, pediatric otolaryngology, and nasal and sleep disorders. Some otolaryngologists limit their practice to one of these eight areas.
Facial plastic surgeon
Clinical medical consultant
Wound repair specialist
Head and neck surgery
Esophagus and trachea
Common skills gained from this degree
- Good listening skills
- Ability to work effectively with people
- Practical skills such as good hand-eye coordination
- Excellent vision and visuospatial awareness
- Good organizational ability