Microbiology is one of the branches of biology. It studies microscopic organisms at the molecular, cellular or population level (bacteria, actinomycetes, fungi, viruses, rickettsia, mycoplasma, chlamydia, spiral protozoa and unicellular algae),and apply it to science in the fields of industrial fermentation, medical health and bioengineering.
Microbiology is an important basic course or professional basic course for biology majors in colleges and universities. It is also the theoretical and technical basis of modern high-tech biotechnology. Genetic engineering, cell engineering, enzyme engineering and fermentation engineering are formed and developed on the basis of microbiology principles and technologies; Microbiology is also one of the important cornerstones for the development of biological specialty and the modernization of agroforestry in higher agricultural and forestry colleges. With the wide application of biotechnology, microbiology will have a huge impact on the production activities and life of modern and future humans.
Modern clinical microbiology is an interdisciplinary subject combining clinical medicine, basic medicine and preventive medicine. It is also one of the important and mature professions in laboratory medicine. This emerging discipline requires the collaboration of microbiologists and experimental technicians.
The Subject branch of Microbiology
Microbiology has undergone more than a century of development and has differentiated into a large number of branch disciplines. According to incomplete statistics (1990), it has reached 181.
According to its nature, it can be easily summarized into the following six categories:
According to the law of studying the basic life activities of microorganisms, the general discipline is called General Microbiology, such as microbial taxonomy, microbial physiology, microbial genetics, microbial ecology and molecular microbiology.
Microbiological subjects according to research such as bacteriology, mycology (bacteria), virology, prokaryotic biology, autotrophic biology and anaerobic biology.
According to the ecological environment in which the microorganisms are located, such as soil microbiology, microecology, marine microbiology, environmental microbiology, water microbiology and cosmic microbiology.
Applied Microbiology according to the field of microbial application, such as industrial microbiology, agricultural microbiology, medical microbiology, medicinal microbiology, diagnostic microbiology, antibiotics, food microbiology, etc.
Interdisciplinary intersections, fusions such as chemical microbiology, microbiology, microbial bioengineering, microbial chemical taxonomy, microbial numerical taxonomy, microbial geochemistry, and microbial informatics.
According to experimental methods and technical points, such as experimental microbiology, microbial research methods, etc.
China is one of the countries with the most abundant microbial resources in the world. Microbial resource research reflects the level of basic research in microbiology, is the basis for national surveys, resource conservation, development and sustainable use, is the basis for biodiversity research and endangered species conservation, and includes microbial molecular biology and biotechnology. The basis of the various disciplines of microbiology.
The types of jobs that can be used are: brewing, fermentation, pharmaceutical, quality inspection, crop improvement, food production, biotechnology companies, research institutes, etc.
Progress in animal pathogenic microbiology
Research progress in animal immunology
Microbiology experimental technology
Immunology experimental techniques
Recombinant DNA technology
Common skills gained from this degree
- Experimental skills
- Understand the frontiers and dynamics of the discipline
- Proficiency in reading foreign language materials related to the profession
- Independent scientific research ability in related fields