Emergency medicine is a multi-disciplinary comprehensive science. It is a new profession that deals with and studies various acute lesions and acute traumas. It refers to the science of an emergency ambulance measure taken in a short period of time for accidental injuries and diseases that threaten human life.
It does not deal with the whole process of injury, but focuses on the first-aid stage of injury and injury. Its main contents are heart, lung and brain recovery, body gram caused by circulatory function, acute trauma, failure of multiple organ functions, acute poisoning, etc. And emergency medicine should also study and design problems in the field of rescue, transportation, communication, etc., so emergency medicine includes pre-hospital treatment (emergency center), hospital emergency room, critical patient care unit (ICU) three parts. Therefore, first aid equipment It is an important part of emergency medicine.
The essentials of emergency medicine
People have placed their hopes of saving accidental injuries and critical emergencies on hospitals and doctors. The lack of on-the-spot ambulance knowledge and awareness of the importance and practicality of on-site ambulances often deprives the wounded at the time of life and death. Minutes, ten minutes, the most precious rescue time. This period of time has also been called "the prime time for life" by the medical community.
Cardiac respiratory arrest due to various causes - sudden death is the most urgent and dangerous situation that endangers people's lives. 87.7% of human sudden deaths occurred outside the hospital, and no medical staff participated in the rescue. 35-40% of sudden deaths can save lives if cardiopulmonary resuscitation is performed on time. Therefore, in order to save the patient and avoid brain cell death, effective cardiopulmonary resuscitation must be performed immediately after the heartbeat stops. The earlier the recovery begins, the higher the survival rate, and a large number of practices suggest that half of the people recovering within 4 minutes may be rescued.
Diseases, trauma, poisoning, drowning, electric shock, asphyxia, and severe allergic reactions are all common causes of sudden cardiac arrest. After 8 seconds of a respiratory heartbeat, cerebral hypoxia symptoms occur, 30 seconds after a coma, 60 seconds of brain cells begin to die, 6 minutes all die, 10 minutes irreversible death, thus medically defined 4-5 minutes for rescue Prime time."
The first aid of trauma is also a process of on-site first aid. If the first site of trauma can regulate the timely hemostasis, dressing, fixing and handling, it will greatly reduce the death and disability of the injured, and strive for the value for the arrival of medical personnel. time.
Common skills gained from this degree
- Basic theory and basic knowledge of clinical medicine in basic medicine
- Master the basic clinical skills of diagnosis and treatment of common disease names
- Familiar with national health work guidelines
- policies and regulations
- Master the basic methods of medical literature search and data survey