Environmental design, also known as “environmental art design”, is an emerging category of art design. The disciplines involved are quite extensive and consist mainly of: architectural design, interior design, public art design, landscape design and so on. The content contains almost all the art design except the graphic and advertising art design. The environmental design is based on architecture and has its own unique focus. Compared with architecture, environmental design pays more attention to the creation of indoor and outdoor environmental art atmosphere. Compared with urban planning and design, environmental design pays more attention to the implementation and improvement of planning details. Compared with garden design, it pays more attention to local and local design. The overall relationship. Environmental art design is an organic combination of “art” and “technology”.
Environmental design is an interdisciplinary subject that combines the creativity of architecture, gardens, upholstery, environmental mapping (such as signage and information bulletin boards) and covers social sciences, health care, environmental science and natural sciences.
Environmental art design uses artistic organization (enclosure, color, texture, etc.) for a certain organization, enclosure, and space interface (indoor and exterior wall cylinders, floors, ceilings, doors and windows, etc.), using natural light, artificial lighting, furniture, accessories. The layout language, design language, and the arrangement of plants, flowers, water, essays, sculptures, etc., make the indoor and outdoor space environment of the building reflect a specific atmosphere and a certain style to meet people's functional use and visual aesthetic need.
The professional students need to have solid professional knowledge, comprehensive knowledge of architectural decoration theory, good artistic accomplishment, strong architectural design, interior design ability and realistic architectural art concept, skilled use of building decoration industry knowledge and various art design software. tool. In the first two years, the students received systematic professional skills education and accumulated rich practical experience. The third year of paid internships adapts to the workplace in advance.
Comparison of environmental design and architectural design
The environment design major is an art subject, divided into professional courses and cultural courses. Professional courses are design drawings, cultural classes are relatively simple, and are some historical humanities knowledge, materials, engineering calculations and aesthetic knowledge. It has both indoor and outdoor aspects, and now the outdoor design is called landscape design. The environmental design range is large, including environmental planning, architectural design, landscape architecture, interior design, display design and so on. This major will learn software like CAD 3DMAX.
The content of architectural design is not as extensive as the environmental design, but what we usually call architectural design refers to work within the scope of “architecture”. Not only do you have to learn to build a house, you also need to coordinate the building with your surroundings. Architecture majors also learn landscape knowledge, but also study residential architecture design, etc. The main learning is the design basis, structure, need to master the knowledge of mechanics, art is also very important in the architectural profession, mainly to cultivate aesthetics. Make the building suitable, economical, sturdy and beautiful.
Contemporary architectural design should pay attention to the proportion of individual buildings, but also pay attention to the combination of group space; Not only the building entity itself, but also the “virtual” space between buildings and between architecture and environment; It is necessary to pay attention to the beauty of the appearance of the building itself, but also to pay attention to the harmonious coordination between the building and the surrounding environment.
When it comes to employment, the work of graduates in architectural design is technically lively and tired. Environmental design, indoors are mostly interior decoration, salary is more optimistic. It is worth noting that due to the particularity of urban public environment art, its main character is architecture, urban space, material, structural skeleton and conception that constitute architecture and urban space. Therefore, the leading role of planners and architects in environmental art design is particularly important.Especially the landscape design in the environmental design is very good. China started late, but it is developing very fast. It requires a large number of students who graduated from this major, and the employment prospects are good.
Therefore,environmental design major is likely to be the better choice.
People who graduate from environmental major can work in the following occupation: community planner, residential community planning expert, architect, interior decorator, garden architect, construction manager, functional facility planner, real estate developer.
Architectural and landscape drawing
Behavior and environment
Materials and methods
Environmental control systems
Common skills gained from this degree
- wider international art perspective
- the basic theoretical knowledge of architecture and environmental art
- the related technologies of architecture and environmental art
- master and the construction process of various materials
- the relevant skills and methods of environmental art design expression