Food science is the applied science devoted to the study of food. It is the discipline in which the engineering, biological, and physical sciences are used to study the nature of foods, the causes of deterioration, the principles underlying food processing, and the improvement of foods for the consuming public". Food science is the application of basic sciences and engineering to study the physical, chemical, and biochemical nature of foods and the principles of food processing".
Activities of food scientists include the development of new food products, the design of processes to produce these foods, choice of packaging materials, shelf-life studies, sensory evaluation of products using survey panels or potential consumers, as well as microbiological and chemical testing. Food scientists may study more fundamental phenomena that are directly linked to the production of food products and its properties.
Food science brings together multiple scientific disciplines. It incorporates concepts from fields such as microbiology, chemical engineering, and biochemistry.
WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN FOOD SCIENCE AND FOOD SCIENCE TECHNOLOGY?
1. What is food science?
The disciplines of food science are biology, physics, and chemistry, which are introductory courses in food science. Food Science is a food-related applied science that is a combination of all of the above basic sciences. Food science courses involve food chemistry, food physics, microbiology, preservation, food nutrition, food analysis, and more. Technology is also in the science field because it is part of the application. The relationship between technology and science is very close, and to a certain extent, they are inseparable. Therefore, we cannot talk about technologies that ignore science, and food science and food science technology have similarities in some respects. The main occupation of food science is food scientists, mainly engaged in food science research and development of new food technologies.
2. What is food science technology?
Food science technology is applied science. Food science technology is mainly used in the food industry to increase the productivity of the food industry and improve the quality of the food industry. In the food industry, food science technology plays an important role in driving the industry forward. Food science technology can be divided into food processing technology, storage technology, and preservation technology. For example, the methods commonly used in food preservation are sterilization, pasteurization, packaging, cooling, freezing, and dehydration. These methods are all food science technology. Food science technology is about passing something that can be eaten through certain procedures to make food better or more beneficial. The raw grain or other raw materials are subjected to artificial treatment to form a new form of ready-to-eat products. This process is food science technology.For example, wheat become biscuits, which is a process of food science technology, and food science technology is a specialized technology.
3. Different job options
In terms of career choices, graduates in food science and food science technology have different options. People with a degree in food science mainly choose food scientists, while those with a degree in food science technology mainly choose food technologists.
The primary responsibility of food scientists is to analyze and test food in terms of quality. They often help governments and manufacturers develop more efficient and safe packaging and food production methods to ensure the most efficient production. Of course, food safety standards are something that food scientists must consider first. The time and place of work of food scientists are relatively fixed, mainly in food laboratories. But in order to ensure an in-depth study of crops, they sometimes need to enter farms and fields. Food scientists should have at least a master degree in food science, which is the minimum standard for food scientists.
Similar to food scientists, food technologists work with food production companies to ensure that the food they produce meets standards and helps develop new products. Then according to market feedback, food technologists further improve the taste and appearance of the food to ensure the sale of food. Food technicians also don't ignore the nutrients of the food, which usually play an important role in the promotion. Food technologists usually have a master degree in food science technology.
Product/process development scientist
Progress of Food Engineering
Food Biology Technology
Modern Food Nutrition
Professional English of Food Science
Common skills gained from this degree
- Evaluating food quality
- Ensuring food standards
- Exploring manufacturing methods
- Working with food production staff
- Establishing low-cost food production methods