Anesthesiology is a science that studies clinical anesthesia, vital function regulation, intensive monitoring and treatment, and pain diagnosis and treatment, usually used in surgery or first aid. China has studied anesthesia in the Eastern Han Dynasty. According to legend, China's Hua Tuo is the first physician to use anesthesia technology. He uses hemp to dissipate the pain of the patient and then perform surgery for the patient. Anesthesiology is generally divided into two parts: local anesthesiology and general anesthesiology according to the dosage.
Anesthesiology major is a combination of basic medicine and clinical medicine and is one of the second-level disciplines of clinical medicine. Anesthesiology is a state-controlled specialty. The undergraduate level is not offered in every medical school. At present, there are 54 colleges and universities in China that enroll students at the undergraduate level. The professional strength of well-known institutions is not bad.
Changes in anesthesia in China
Anesthesia, as its name implies, is anesthesia for surgical patients in the operating room, but the work of the anesthesiologist has been extended to the immediate recovery room, even the ICU. Because anesthesiologists are proficient in various nerve block techniques, patients who are naturally required to treat various pains have gradually developed into pain clinics.
In addition, many surgical patients have various complications such as cardiovascular disease. This brings difficulties to anesthesia.
More and more new anesthetics are available, including intravenous, inhaled anesthetics, painkillers, muscle relaxants, and local anesthetics. This aspect increases the means of anesthesiologists, and on the other hand, requires anesthesiologists to master the knowledge and methods of drug use and the efficacy of some new drugs. Surveillance has evolved into an important part of anesthesia. In addition to blood pressure, there are new electrograms, CVP, floating catheters, and PetCO2 (end-of-expiration CO2 partial pressure). EEG is being actively studied to determine the depth of anesthesia (EEG) and brain saturation monitoring.
Changes in the above anesthesia will inevitably bring changes to the training and requirements of anesthesiologists. For example, anesthesia resident training requires strengthening the training of cardiology in order to familiarize with and master the diagnosis and treatment of various arrhythmias, the treatment of various cardiovascular diseases and Commonly used drugs and their possible effects on anesthesia.
China's anesthesia profession has developed rapidly since the reform and opening up, but it is very uneven. The quality and quantity of anesthesia professionals are still far from objective requirements. According to incomplete statistics, there are about 30,000 professionals in China, including professionals above the anesthesiologist, anesthesiologists and anesthesia nurses. China is unlikely to mention this requirement due to economic constraints. However, it is estimated that it is not far off. China has developed training for anesthesia residents for five years (after graduation from regular medical school) and requires training between hospitals to ensure that anesthesiologists have the opportunity to do anesthesia in various subjects. And gradually establish a national exam to ensure quality. As new drugs, new technologies, new instruments, and new related knowledge in the field of anesthesia have developed rapidly, the state has established a continuing education system for attending physicians. With the continuous development of China's economy, the development of clinical anesthesia in China is inevitable, and the research of anesthesia will inevitably be greatly developed.
Hospitals and other health institutions at all levels are engaged in clinical medical and scientific research; medical colleges, scientific research institutions and other units are engaged in teaching and research work.
Obstetrics and Gynecology
Anesthesia and Physiology
Common skills gained from this degree
- Clinical medical knowledge
- Anesthesiology knowledge and skills
- Anesthesia operation technique
- Competent in the work of anesthesia