1. What is 985 mean？
The 985 project is an education policy implemented by China in 1999. In accordance with the requirements of the scientific development concept, the 985 universities have innovated mechanisms, highlighted reforms, focused on quality, accelerating the construction of Chinese world-class universities and high-level universities. Closely integrating the implementation of the national talent strategy, China accelerates the construction of academic leaders and innovative teams. Closely combining the construction of innovative countries, China also accelerates the improvement of independent innovation capabilities of high-level universities and increase the intensity of innovative talents. The implementation of the strategy of “going out” will rapidly improve the international competitiveness of high-level universities. It will realize new breakthroughs in the reform of the management system and operational mechanism of higher education institutions. It will also further concentrate resources and develop the road of high-level university construction in China.
To continue implementing the 985 Project, China must adhere to the characteristic and high-level development path. It will clarify the world-class universities and high-level university development strategies and also form a long-term stable and sustained growth investment mechanism. The 985 Project was adjusted from the scheduled construction to a long-term planning, dynamic management, and segmentation implementation. China will take the medium and long-term development goals of the school and the construction tasks at all stages into account, actively exploring the rules of world-class universities and high-level university construction, and realize the strategic goals of the 985 Project as soon as possible.
2. What is 211 mean?
211 Project implemented in 1991 is an important measure for the Chinese government to promote the development of higher education and the adaptation of higher education to economic and social development. The implementation of this project aims to cultivate high-level talents for China's economic and social development strategy, improve the level of higher education, accelerate national economic construction, promote scientific and technological development, enhance overall national strength and international competitiveness and achieve high-level talents. It is extremely important to the construction of world-class universities.
The 211 project focuses on the construction of a number of institutions with higher education and key disciplines. After several years of efforts, there are about 100 universities and a number of key disciplines improving in terms of education quality, scientific research, and management level. Great improvement has made in the reform of education system, especially the reform of the management system. Many 211 colleges have become a base for domestically cultivating high-level talents and solving major problems in economic construction and social development. Among them, some key institutions with higher education and some key disciplines are close to or have reached the advanced level of similar schools and disciplines in the world. Most of the 211 schools have improved their school conditions and made great achievements in personnel training and scientific research, adapting to regional and industry development. The overall level of 211 universities is at the domestic advanced level, playing a key role in Chinese education.
3. What are the merits of 985 and 211 universities?
First, the Chinese government has increased financial support for the 985 and 211 universities. The country takes out 1% of the central government's annual revenue and supports these universities to build "world-class universities. " The largest supporters are Peking University and Tsinghua University, each of which has received a grant of 1.8 billion from the Ministry of Education. The abundant funds of the school mean that the school can introduce first-class teachers and build laboratories, which can strengthen the discipline construction and ultimately enhance the competitiveness of the school.
The second merit is fame. The goal of the 985 and 211 universities is to build a number of world-class universities and a group of internationally renowned high-level research universities. In the future, more and more universities will enter the ranks of world-class universities and the reputation of these schools will also raise.
The third merit is rich resources. The 985 and 211 colleges have an advantage in the construction of the Graduate School, the Everest Program, and the Engineer Excellence Program. China has chosen these schools as a base for cultivating high-level graduate students and the National Scholarship Council. These schools generally have higher rates of passing postgraduate entrance examinations, not only because of their strong abilities, but also the resources of the school.
The fourth merit is social recognition. In China, the 985 and 211 schools are the first choice for Chinese students. Entering these schools even means that students have a bright future. Most of these schools offer a large number of internship opportunities for international students, as well as good scholarships. It can also be said that the 985 and 211 universities are the first choice for international students to study abroad.
Finally, students from 985 and 211 have better job opportunities. Because of the high degree of social recognition, excellent companies generally recruit students from 985 and 211 universities. Even if you don't work in China, having a 985 and 211 university degree can help you find a good job after returning to your country.
4. TOP 985 and 211 universities
|Ranking and name||Location||985||211|
|Renmin University of China||Beijing||√||√|
|Shanghai Jiao Tong University||Shanghai||√||√|
|Sun Yat-sen University||Guangzhou||√||√|